This large 300 year old tree will not make perfect flooring.
Crafting Charles Peterson Signature Flooring starts by selecting the most perfect logs from the forest. Our logs are selected for their consistent color, tight grain patterns, uniformity of ring spacing and lack of blemishes. We are able to craft about 200 square feet of flooring from a single log. Larger wood floors require we select logs from the same area in the forest with the same growing conditions to achieve matching grain and color.
We select logs that are around 100 year old. Our logs generally average eight to ten annual growth rings per inch. Young trees start off their growth slowly, shaded by the dense canopy, until they are able to penetrate through the top and reach the sunlight.
A 100 year old log will allow us to make a six inch wide perfectly Quarter-sawn board or a five inch wide perfectly rift sawn board. We are not able to use the center of the log because of inherent defects of the first years of growth. As a young tree, the center of the tree will have had many small branches creating defects. We remove all the sap wood from the outside diameter of the log. The amount of sapwood is dependent on the species of tree but also on the growing conditions. Faster growing trees with access to full sunlight will have more sapwood.
As trees become older and larger they generally have age imperfections. Many times these older trees are by themselves alongside a farm house or fence making it difficult to find other logs that will match them. Cost is also another consideration. Logs are like diamonds. The price of smaller diamonds with flaws is rather inexpensive. Larger diamonds are in shorter supply and as their size increases the price per carat also increases. Large flawless diamonds are very rare and their price goes up exponentially per carat.